本地移动性 IP

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本地移动性(Local Area Mobility)
mal>提问 配置本地移动性来实现设备的网络漫游
回答
归属地路由器HomeRouter
RouterHome#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterHome(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
RouterHome(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
RouterHome(config-if)#ip proxy-arp
RouterHome(config-if)#ip mobile arp
RouterHome(config-if)#exit
RouterHome(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterHome(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0
RouterHome(config-router)#default-metric 10000 10 255 1 1500
RouterHome(config-router)#redistribute mobile
RouterHome(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterHome(config-router)#exit
RouterHome(config)#end
RouterHome#
访问地路由器ForeignRouter
RouterForeign#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterForeign(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip address 192.168.110.1 255.255.255.0
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip proxy-arp
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip mobile arp
RouterForeign(config-if)#exit
RouterForeign(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterForeign(config-router)#network 192.168.100.0
RouterForeign(config-router)#default-metric 10000 10 255 1 1500
RouterForeign(config-router)#redistribute mobile
RouterForeign(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterForeign(config-router)#exit
RouterForeign(config)#end
RouterForeign#
注释 Local Area Mobility是思科通过Proxy Arp来实现的一种简单移动IP,只是作为没有DHCP的暂时替代方案,当访问地使用ARP查到了访问设备以后会在路由表生成一条主机路由,然后此主机路由会通过路由协议被归属地所学到,比如访问地的ARP和路由表
RouterForeign#show ip arp FastEthernet0/0
Protocol  Address          Age (min)  Hardware Addr   Type   Interface
Internet  192.168.110.1           -   000e.d7d6.1060  ARPA   FastEthernet0/0
Internet  192.168.10.109          1   00b0.64ab.0580  ARPA   FastEthernet0/0
Internet  192.168.110.9          21   0000.0c75.c684  ARPA   FastEthernet0/0
RouterForeign#
RouterForeign#show ip route
Codes: C – connected, S – static, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP
       D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area
       N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2
       i – IS-IS, su – IS-IS summary, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2
       ia – IS-IS inter area, * – candidate default, U – per-user static route
       o – ODR, P – periodic downloaded static route
Gateway of last resort is not set
C    192.168.110.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
     192.168.10.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks
M       192.168.10.109/32 [3/1] via 192.168.10.109, 00:17:59, FastEthernet0/0
D       192.168.10.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192.168.55.11, 00:29:43, Serial0/0
C    192.168.55.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0/0
RouterForeign#
归属地通过EIGRP学到
RouterHome#show ip route
Codes: C – connected, S – static, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP
       D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area
       N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2
       i – IS-IS, su – IS-IS summary, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS level-2
       ia – IS-IS inter area, * – candidate default, U – per-user static route
       o – ODR, P – periodic downloaded static route
Gateway of last resort is not set
D    192.168.110.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192.168.55.12, 00:31:43, Serial0/0
     192.168.10.0/24 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks
D EX    192.168.10.109/32 [170/2172416] via 192.168.55.12, 00:18:19, Serial0/0
C       192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.55.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0/0
RouterHome#
24.2.  归属地代理(Home Agent)配置
提问 配置路由器成为移动终端的归属地代理
回答
RouterHome#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterHome(config)#interface Loopback0
RouterHome(config-if)#ip address 192.168.9.1 255.255.255.255
RouterHome(config-if)#exit
RouterHome(config)#router mobile
RouterHome(config-router)#exit
RouterHome(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterHome(config-router)#redistribute mobile
RouterHome(config-router)#network 192.168.9.0
RouterHome(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0
RouterHome(config-router)#default-metric 10000 10 255 1 1500
RouterHome(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterHome(config-router)#exit
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile home-agent address 192.168.9.1
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile host 192.168.10.1 192.168.10.254 virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.110 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.111 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.112 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.113 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.114 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.115 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterHome(config)#end
RouterHome#
注释 配置归属地代理是配置移动IP的第一步,首先是基本的移动IP配置然后是定义Home Agent的IP地址和定义移动终端的地址段,最后是配置对不同移动终端的认证,对于认证也可以使用AAA来增强扩展性
RouterHome(config)#aaa new-model
RouterHome(config)#aaa authorization ipmobile default group tacacs+
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure mn-aaa spi 200 algorithm md5
注意一点移动IP隧道使用的IP协议号是55
24.3.  访问地代理(Foreign Agent)配置
提问 配置路由器成为移动终端的访问地代理
回答
RouterForeign#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterForeign(config)#router mobile
RouterForeign(config-router)#exit
RouterForeign(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterForeign(config-router)#network 192.168.110.0
RouterForeign(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterForeign(config-router)#exit
RouterForeign(config)#interface Ethernet0/0
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip address 192.168.110.1 255.255.255.0
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip irdp
RouterForeign(config-if)#ip mobile foreign-service
RouterForeign(config-if)#exit
RouterForeign(config)#ip mobile foreign-agent care-of Ethernet0/0
RouterForeign(config)#end
RouterForeign#
注释 移动IP的第二步配置就是配置访问地代理,初始配置和归属地代理配置基本相同,然后就是在接口启用IRDP,移动终端通过IRDP来发现访问地代理地址,然后启用归属地代理,最后是配置归属地的转交地址(care-of address)此地址用来和归属地地址建立隧道。有趣的是不论在归属地还是访问地的配置中都没有定义对端的地址,因为这个地址在移动终端会宣告。
另外为了增加安全性可以配置归属地代理和访问地代理的认证
RouterHome(config)#ip mobile secure foreign-agent 192.168.110.1 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterForeign(config)#ip mobile secure home-agent 192.168.9.1 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
24.4.  配置路由器成为移动终端
提问 配置路由器作为移动终端
回答
RouterMobile#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterMobile(config)#router mobile
RouterMobile(config-router)#exit
RouterMobile(config)#ip mobile secure home-agent 192.168.9.1 spi 100 key ascii neoshi
RouterMobile(config)#ip mobile router
RouterMobile(mobile-router)#address 192.168.10.112 255.255.255.0
RouterMobile(mobile-router)#home-agent 192.168.9.1
RouterMobile(mobile-router)#exit
RouterMobile(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
RouterMobile(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.112 255.255.255.0
RouterMobile(config-if)#ip irdp
RouterMobile(config-if)#ip mobile router-service roam
RouterMobile(config-if)#ip mobile router-service solicit
RouterMobile(config-if)#exit
RouterMobile(config)#end
RouterMobile#
注释 从12.2(4)T以后路由器开始支持配置为移动终端
24.5.  反向隧道转发(Reverse-Tunnel Forwarding)
提问 强制所有数据包都通过隧道转发来避免网络中为了防止地址欺骗所定义的控制列表
回答
RouterMobile#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterMobile(config)#ip mobile router
RouterMobile(mobile-router)#reverse-tunnel
RouterMobile(mobile-router)#exit
RouterMobile(config)#end
RouterMobile#
注释 由移动终端回程的数据包到了访问地代理后可能会通过本地路由而不是通过隧道转发回归属地代理,这样可能回违反访问地代理的安全策略,因此启用此特性来强制回程数据包也必须通过隧道转发,不过这个特性需要协商,验证:
RouterForeign#show ip mobile tunnel
Mobile Tunnels:
Tunnel0:
    src 192.168.110.1, dest 192.168.9.1
    encap IP/IP, mode reverse-allowed, tunnel-users 1
    IP MTU 1480 bytes
    Path MTU Discovery, mtu: 0, ager: 10 mins, expires: never
    outbound interface Serial0/0
    FA created, fast switching enabled, ICMP unreachable enabled
    105 packets input, 8462 bytes, 0 drops
    0 packets output, 0 bytes
RouterForeign#
24.6.  配置归属地代理HSRP支持来增加冗余性
提问 通过配置多个归属地代理来增加冗余
回答
RouterHome1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterHome1(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
RouterHome1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.9.2 255.255.255.0
RouterHome1(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.9.1
RouterHome1(config-if)#standby 1 name HA-GROUP
RouterHome1(config-if)#exit
RouterHome1(config)#router mobile
RouterHome1(config-router)#exit
RouterHome1(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterHome1(config-router)#redistribute mobile
RouterHome1(config-router)#network 192.168.9.0
RouterHome1(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0
RouterHome1(config-router)#default-metric 10000 10 255 1 1500
RouterHome1(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterHome1(config-router)#exit
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile home-agent address 192.168.9.1
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile home-agent redundancy HA-GROUP virtual-network
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile host 192.168.10.1 192.168.10.254 virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure home-agent 192.168.9.3 spi 100 key ascii cisco
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.110 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.111 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.112 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.113 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.114 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.115 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome1(config)#end
RouterHome1#
RouterHome2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
RouterHome2(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0
RouterHome2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.9.3 255.255.255.0
RouterHome2(config-if)#standby 1 ip 192.168.9.1
RouterHome2(config-if)#standby 1 name HA-GROUP
RouterHome2(config-if)#exit
RouterHome2(config)#router mobile
RouterHome2(config-router)#exit
RouterHome2(config)#router eigrp 99
RouterHome2(config-router)#redistribute mobile
RouterHome2(config-router)#network 192.168.9.0
RouterHome2(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0
RouterHome2(config-router)#default-metric 10000 10 255 1 1500
RouterHome2(config-router)#no auto-summary
RouterHome2(config-router)#exit
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile home-agent address 192.168.9.1
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile home-agent redundancy HA-GROUP virtual-network
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile host 192.168.10.1 192.168.10.254 virtual-network 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure home-agent 192.168.9.2 spi 100 key ascii cisco
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.110 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.111 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.112 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.113 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.114 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#ip mobile secure host 192.168.10.115 spi 100 key ascii cookbook
RouterHome2(config)#end
RouterHome2#
注释 使用HSRP的虚拟地址来作为归属地地址来增加冗余,另外多了ip mobile home-agent redundancy HA-GROUP virtual-network 命令来关联相应的HSRP组,同时需要配置两个归属地代理之间的认证来同步信息ip mobile secure home-agent 192.168.9.3 spi 100 key ascii cisco

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